Makna, Pengukuran dan Domain Kepuasan Hidup daripada Pelbagai Perspektif: Analisis Literatur

Meaning, Measurement and Domain of Life Satisfaction from Different Perspectives: Literature Review

Authors

  • Siti Marziah Zakaria
  • Nor Ba’yah Abdul Kadir
  • Nasrudin Subhi
  • Khaidzir Ismail

Keywords:

makna kepuasan hidup, domain kepuasan hidup, pengukuran kepuasan hidup, perspektif

Abstract

Kepuasan hidup adalah persepsi seseorang tentang kehidupan yang sedang dan telah dilalui, serta kehidupan yang bakal dilaluinya pada masa hadapan. Ia merupakan penilaian seseorang terhadap kehidupannya secara keseluruhan. Kajian-kajian lepas ke atas kepuasan hidup mendapati kecenderungan kebanyakan pengkaji untuk mengukur kepuasan hidup secara umum. Namun begitu, kepuasan hidup juga boleh dikaji dengan melihat kepada domain-domain atau elemen-elemen kepuasan hidup. Kertas konsep ini akan menilai makna kepuasan hidup dan mengenalpasti pengukuran serta domain kepuasan hidup daripada pelbagai perspektif. Makna kepuasan hidup didapati sangat berkait rapat dengan makna hidup yang dipegang seseorang. Secara keseluruhan, dapatan-dapatan lepas menunjukkan bahawa kepuasan hidup selalu ditafsirkan sebagai perasaan syukur, redha, optimis dan gembira. Makna kepuasan hidup berbeza mengikut peringkat umur yang dikaji. Dewasa pertengahan usia dan lanjut usia mentafsirkan kepuasan hidup lebih kepada elemen spiritual dan kekeluargaan.

Life satisfaction is one’s perception about their current and past life, and their life in future.  It is one’s review of their life as a whole. Past studies on life satisfaction showed the tendency of most of researchers to measure life satisfaction in general. Nevertheless, life satisfaction can also be studied by examining the domains and elements of life satisfaction. This concept paper will assess the meanings of life satisfaction and identify the measurements and domains of life satisfaction from different perspectives. The meaning of life satisfaction was found to be closely related to the meaning of life that one embrace. Generally, past findings showed that life satisfaction has been defined as the sense of gratitude, acceptance, optimism, and happiness.  The meaning of life satisfaction is different according to the age level. Middle-aged adults and ageing defined life satisfaction more to the spiritual elements and family relationship. 

 

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Published

2018-11-30

How to Cite

Zakaria, S. M. ., Abdul Kadir, N. B. ., Subhi , N. ., & Ismail, K. . (2018). Makna, Pengukuran dan Domain Kepuasan Hidup daripada Pelbagai Perspektif: Analisis Literatur : Meaning, Measurement and Domain of Life Satisfaction from Different Perspectives: Literature Review. Journal of Management and Muamalah , 8(2), 1-11. Retrieved from http://jmm.kuisjournal.com/index.php/jurnal/article/view/35